Па-беларуску, калі ласка
Vyhanashchanski Wood and Mire Complex

Location: Brest Region, Ivacevichi, Ljahavichy and Hancavichy districts

Coordinates: 52°40 N 26°00 E

Area: 43,000 ha

National Conservation Status:A national hydrological zakaznik was established in 1968.

International Conservation Status:An IBA was established in 1998 (criteria А1, В2, B3). Ramsar site (criteria 1а, 3а).

This is one of Belarus’ largest complexes of small-leafed forest swamps, fens, bogs, river floodplains and shallow lakes. Most of the area is covered by small-leafed forests (35%); fens and transition mires cover 30%; bogs 15%; floodplain meadows 10%; highly-productive lakes 10%. The northern boundary of the site coincides with the Shchara river channel. The floodplain of the Š?ara is wide and waterlogged. It is dominated by open fens with scattered willow shrub and forest plots. Further south of the river there are vast wetlands covered by alder and birch stands with numerous small fens, transition mires and bogs. The southern part of the zakaznik has two large typical Polesian lakes: Vyhanaš?anskaje(2,600 ha) and Babrovichskaje (947 ha). The shores of the lakes are waterlogged and overgrown with shrubs. Most shores resemble floating vegetation mats rather than stable dry banks. A sapropel layer underlies the bottom of the lakes. The lakes are in transition from highly eutrophic to dystrophic water reservoir types. They are both subject to quick overgrowth with surface and floating vegetation. Vyhanashchanskajelake is connected to the Shchara and the Yaselda rivers via the famous Ahinski Canal, built a 100 years ago for timber shipment. The canal is no longer used for commercial purposes and is becoming rapidly overgrown with vegetation.

The mix of inaccessible forests, river floodplains, open fens and highly-productive lakes defines large population sizes of several rare bird species. The site is very important for the preservation of the following waterbird species: BitternBotaurus stellaris, Gadwall Anas strepera, GarganeyAnas querquedula, Pochard Aythya ferina. It is also very important for  Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila  clanga.

The unique nature of the site is underscored by presence of the most significant Polesian populations of Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa (up to 25 pairs), as well as the West-European subspecies of Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus mayor (15-25 males). Regular breeding of several pairs of White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla has been recorded.