Па-беларуску, калі ласка
Chyrvony Bor Wood and Mire Complex

Location: Vicebsk Region: Rassony District

Coordinates: 56°00 N 28°30 E

Area: 34,234 ha

National Conservation Status: A national landscape zakaznik was established in 1995.

International Conservation Status: IBA (criterion В2). Potential Ramsar site (criterion 1а).

The zakaznik is a vast forest tract with a mosaic of numerous bogs, lakes, and picturesque small rivers and streams. The Nishcha and Svolna rivers form the natural eastern and western boundaries of the zakaznik respectively. In the north the ?yrvony  Bor borders the Sebezhski Regional Park of Russia. Being swampy and having practically no roads, ?yrvony  Bor is probably one of the areas in Belarus least frequently visited by people. Forests dominate, covering 82% of the site. These are mainly old spruce and pine forests; alder forests are found in low-lying areas. Most of the wetlands are bog-type mires; fen area located mainly in the river floodplains and at the foot of hills. There are more than 40 lakes, most of which have very clear water, and a limited but unique flora and fauna.

Forestry is the main economic use. Agricultural use is insignificant: isolated agricultural fields are found only in the southern part of the zakaznik. Local people use the site to collect berries and mushrooms.

The site is very important for many northern bird species that have their southern ranges in Belarus, such as Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus (250 individuals, the biggest population in Belarus), Redwing Turdus iliacus, Ural Owl Strix uralensis, and Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus. The site hosts isolated breeding populations of the following relict waterbird species: Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica and Goosander Mergus merganser. Goldeneye Bucephala clangula, a species which is rare in the rest of Belarus, is quite numerous here (15-20 pairs). The bogs are also occupied by the following species which are rare for Belarus: Willow Grouse Lagopus lagopus, Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus, and Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria. The site is ideal for breeding Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos, Osprey Pandion haliaetus, Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus, White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla and Black Stork Ciconia nigra.

Thirteen rare and disappearing plant species from the National Red Data Book are found in the zakaznik. Bears, Lynxes, Wolves, Beavers, and Otters are quite numerous. The introduced Raccoon DogNyctereutes procyonoides, known to limit the populations of Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix and other grouses, is high in numbers.